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(4.3 from 11 votes)
27,481 Views, Last Update 5 years ago
by: Da Tickler


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R|  Ultimate Tab Lesson (Ver. 1.4)
U|  ___________________________________________________________________________
.|  
T|  Below is what a proper 'basic' tab should look like. This is
A|  the opening 3 measures of my post ('Da Tickler') of the
B|  complete "Don't Stop Believin'" by Journey.
N|  
A|  RH 5|G---G---G---G---|F---F---F---F---|e---e---e---e---|
B|  RH 5|e---e---e---e---|D---D---D---D---|C---C---C---C---|
B|  RH 4|--b---b---b---b-|--b---b---b---b-|--G---G---G---G-|
E|  LH 3|----------------|----------C-D-C-|----------D-e---|
R|  LH 2|e---------F-G-b-|----------------|--------------a-|
.|  
C|  The previous tab example is what a proper 'basic' tab should look
O|  like. A complete tab should include the timing, lyrics & chords as
M|  shown below in an excerpt from my posting of Kiki Dee's hit 'I've
-|  Got The Music In Me' (Written by Tobias Boshell). The 'GREATER THAN'
R|  symbol is used to indicate a particular note's length of sustain.
U|  
.|  4/4
T|         I've got the…    I've got the…    I've got the…
A|     G                C                Bb          A
B|  
N|  R5|----------------|----------------|--------d>c>----|
A|  R4|----gg>gg>fg>>g>|----gg>gg>fg>>g>|----gg>g----A>g>|
B|  R4|----------------|e>>>------------|f>>>------------|
B|  R4|d>>>------------|c>>>------------|d>>>------------|
E|  R3|b>>>------------|----------------|----------------|
R|  L3|g>>>g>>>g>g>g>g>|c>>>c>>>c>c>c>c>|A>>>A>>>A>A>a>a>|
.|  L2|g>>>g>>>g>g>g>g>|c>>>c>>>c>c>c>c>|A>>>A>>>A>A>a>a>|
C|  
O|  NOTES:
M|  ___________________________________________________________________________
-|  
R|  Referring to the left-hand side of both tabs, above, for notes 1 & 2 -
U|  
.|  1. 'RH' = Right Hand & 'LH' = Left Hand (Some prefer simply 'R' or
T|     'L' right/left hand designation which is actually more economic,
A|     but just make sure you use one or the other for clarity.
B|  
N|  2. '5' = 5th octave, '4' = 4th octave, '3', '2', etc., where octaves
A|     are referenced to 88-key piano/keyboard from 'C' to 'C' where
B|     MIDDLE 'C', or 'c4', is the beginning of the 4th octave. 
B|  
E|  Remaining notes refer to both aforementioned tabs in general -
R|  
.|  3. lower case letters = natural notes (a,b,c,d,e,f,g) & UPPER CASE
C|     LETTERS = sharps (C,D,F,G,A). Since only sharps are used in
O|     keyboard/piano tablature, Eb is represented by a D#, or 'D', Ab
M|     is represented by a G#, or 'G', etc. There is no B# ('B'), nor E#
-|     ('E'), since there are no sharps between B & C, nor between E & F.
R|  
U|  *** Below is a complete listing of all piano tablature notes for the entire
.|      88-key piano keyboard. The piano tablature notation is shown with the
T|      corresponding classical sheet music notation directly below each note.
A|  
B|  PIANO TAB LEGEND:  Above the lines - Upper note names are BLACK keys
N|  -----------------  (Sharps); Lower note names are WHITE keys (Naturals). 
A|  
B|                     Within the lines - Actual Piano Tab Notes
B|                     (UPPER case = Sharps & lower case = Naturals).
E|  
R|  The 1st line starts at the lower end (left-hand side) of the keyboard.
.|  The following lines go up the keyboard towards the right-hand side.
C|  
O|  PIANO TAB (a0-b1) -
M|  
-|      A#0      C#1   D#1      F#1   G#1   A#1
R|    A0    B0 C1    D1    E1 F1    G1    A1    B1
U|  2|---------------------------------------------|
.|  1|---------c--C--d--D--e--f--F--g--G--a--A--b--|
T|  0|a--A--b--------------------------------------|
A|  
B|  CLASSICAL SHEET NOTATION - BASS CLEF (A0-B1)
N|  
A|   |---------------------------------------------|
B|   |---------------------------------------------|
B|   |---------------------------------------------|
E|   |---------------------------------------------|
R|   |---------------------------------------------|
.|    ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    -----
C|    ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    -----
O|                                              o
M|    ------------------------------------o--o#----
-|                                  o  o#
R|    ------------------------o--o#--
U|                         o
.|    ---------------o--o#--  
T|             o  o#
A|    ------o---
B|    o  o#
N|  
A|  
B|  PIANO TAB (c2-b3) -
B|  
E|      C#2   D#2      F#2   G#2   A#2      C#3   D#3      F#3   G#3   A#3
R|    C2    D2    E2 F2    G2    A2    B2 C3    D3    E3 F3    G3    A3    B3
.|  4|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
C|  3|------------------------------------c--C--d--D--e--f--F--g--G--a--A--b--|
O|  2|c--C--d--D--e--f--F--g--G--a--A--b--------------------------------------|
M|  1|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
-|  
R|  CLASSICAL SHEET NOTATION - BASS CLEF (C2-B3)
U|                                                                         o
.|   |---------------------------------------------------------------o--o#----|
T|   |                                                         o  o# 
A|   |---------------------------------------------------o--o#----------------|
B|   |                                                o
N|   |------------------------------------------o--o#-------------------------|
A|   |                                    o  o#
B|   |---------------------------------o--------------------------------------|
B|   |                           o  o#
E|   |---------------------o--o#----------------------------------------------|
R|                   o  o#
.|   -------------o---
C|          o  o#
O|   -o--o#--
M|  
-|  
R|  PIANO TAB (c4-b5) -
U|  
.|      C#4   D#4      F#4   G#4   A#4      C#5   D#5      F#5   G#5   A#5
T|    C4    D4    E4 F4    G4    A4    B4 C5    D5    E5 F5    G5    A5    B5
A|  6|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
B|  5|------------------------------------c--C--d--D--e--f--F--g--G--a--A--b--|
N|  4|c--C--d--D--e--f--F--g--G--a--A--b--------------------------------------|
A|  3|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
B|  
B|  CLASSICAL SHEET NOTATION - TREBLE CLEF (C4-B5)
E|                                                                         o
R|                                                                ---o--o#--
.|                                                             o  o#
C|   |---------------------------------------------------o--o#----------------|
O|   |                                                o
M|   |------------------------------------------o--o#-------------------------|
-|   |                                    o  o#
R|   |---------------------------------o--------------------------------------|
U|   |                           o  o#
.|   |---------------------o--o#----------------------------------------------|
T|   |               o  o#
A|   |------------o-----------------------------------------------------------|
B|          o  o#
N|   -o--o#--
A|  
B|  
B|  PIANO TAB (c6-c8) -
E|  
R|      C#6   D#6      F#6   G#6   A#6      C#7   D#7      F#7   G#7  A#7
.|    C6    D6    E6 F6    G6    A6    B6 C7    D7    E7 F7    G7    A7  B7 C8
C|  8|----------------------------------------------------------------------c-|
O|  7|------------------------------------c--C--d--D--e--f--F--g--G--a-A-b----|
M|  6|c--C--d--D--e--f--F--g--G--a--A--b--------------------------------------|
-|  5|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
R|  
U|  CLASSICAL SHEET NOTATION - TREBLE CLEF (C6-C8)                      ----o--
.|                                                                       o
T|                                                                ---o-o#--
A|                                                             o  o#
B|                                                    ---o--o#--    ----    ---
N|                                                    o
A|                                           ---o--o#--     ----    ----    ---
B|                                        o  o#
B|                                  ---o---         ----    ----    ----    ---
E|                               o  o#
R|                      ---o--o#--  ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ---
.|                   o  o#
C|             ---o---      ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ---
O|          o  o#
M|   -o--o#--       ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ---
-|   ---    ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ----    ---
R|   |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
U|   |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
.|   |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
T|   |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
A|   |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
B|  
N|  
A|  4. TIMING - Typical musical time signatures are as follows:
B|  
B|     4/4 (Common Time) - 4 Quarter Notes (1/4) per measure;
E|     3/4 - 3 Quarter Notes (1/4) per measure;
R|     2/4 - 2 Quarter Notes (1/4) per measure;
.|     7/4 - 7 Quarter Notes (1/4) per measure (Pink Floyd's 'Money');
C|     6/8 - 6 Eighth Notes (1/8) per measure;
O|     12/8 - 12 Eighth Notes (1/8) per measure.
M|  
-|     Each line of the 'staff' for these two tab excerpts is made up of 3
R|     measures of 16 increments (inc's.) each (1/16 notes) for proper timing
U|     since 1/16 notes are the smallest notes in these songs, and both their
.|     time signatures are 4/4. If there are 1/32 notes to be played, you would
T|     use 32 increments per measure. So, to make a long story short, what
A|     determines how many increments per measure are the shortest note in the
B|     song (1/32 = 32 inc's., 1/16 = 16 inc's., 1/8 = 8 inc's., etc.), and the
N|     time signature. For example, note in the tabs above (both in 4/4 TIME)
A|     how there are 16 inc./meas., so 1/8 notes take up 2 increments (2/16 =
B|     1/8), 1/4 notes take up 4 inc's. (4/16 = 1/4), etc. Typically, if 1/16
B|     notes are the shortest notes in the entire song, 4/4 TIME requires a
E|     minimum of 16 inc's./meas., 2/4 TIME requires 8 inc's./meas., 3/4 TIME
R|     requires 12 inc's./meas., 6/8 TIME requires 12 inc's./meas., & 7/4 TIME
.|     requires 28 inc's./meas., etc., etc.
C|  
O|     To mathematically determine the minimum # of increments
M|     required per measure for a given time signature:
-|  
R|     # inc's./meas. = Time Signature / Shortest Note in entire song.
U|  
.|     Ex. #4a: 3/4 Time with 1/8 note shortest note in entire song.
T|  
A|              (3/4) / (1/8) = 6 inc's./meas.
B|  
N|     Ex. #4b: 2/4 Time with 1/16 note shortest note in entire song.
A|  
B|              (2/4) / (1/16) = 8 inc's./meas.
B|  
E|     Ex. #4c: 12/8 Time with 1/32 note shortest note in entire song.
R|  
.|              (12/8) / (1/32) = 48 inc's./meas.
C|  
O|     Now, to mathematically determine the # of increments required
M|     per note for a given # of inc's./meas. & time signature:
-|  
R|     # inc's./note = [(# inc's./meas) * Note Length] / (Time Signature).
U|  
.|     Ex. #4d: 1/4 Note with 12 inc's./meas. in 3/4 Time Signature.
T|  
A|              [(12) * (1/4)] / (3/4) = 4 inc's./(1/4 note).
B|  
N|     Ex. #4e: 1/2 Note with 24 inc's./meas. in 6/8 Time Signature.
A|  
B|              [(24) * (1/2)] / (6/8) = 16 inc's./(1/2 note).
B|  
E|     Ex. #4f: 3/8 Note with 16 inc's./meas. in 4/4 Time Signature.
R|  
.|              [(16) * (3/8)] / (4/4) = 6 inc's./(3/8 note).
C|  
O|     Further examples showing required # of sustain ('>') symbols:
M|  
-|     Ex. #4g: 3/4 TIME - 4 Measures with 12 inc's./meas.
R|                         (1/16 note = shortest note)
U|  
.|        1 & 2 & 3 &  1 & 2 & 3 &  1 & 2 & 3 &  1 & 2 & 3 &
T|     R4|------------|------------|------------|------------|
A|  
B|     For this configuration typical note lengths are
N|     notated as follows (using Middle 'c' as the note):
A|  
B|     1/16  -|c-----------|-   1 inc. - 1 note & 0 '>'
B|     1/8   -|c>----------|-   2 inc. - 1 note & 1 '>'
E|     3/16  -|c>>---------|-   3 inc. - 1 note & 2 '>'
R|     1/4   -|c>>>--------|-   4 inc. - 1 note & 3 '>'
.|     3/8   -|c>>>>>------|-   6 inc. - 1 note & 5 '>'
C|     1/2   -|c>>>>>>>----|-   8 inc. - 1 note & 7 '>'
O|     3/4   -|c>>>>>>>>>>>|-   12 inc. - 1 note & 11 '>'
M|  
-|     Ex. #4h: 3/4 TIME - 4 Measures with 6 inc's./meas.
R|                         (1/8 note shortest note)
U|  
.|        1&2&3& 1&2&3& 1&2&3& 1&2&3&
T|     R4|------|------|------|------|
A|   
B|     1/8   -|c>----|-   1 inc. - 1 note & 0 '>'
N|     1/4   -|c>>---|-   2 inc. - 1 note & 1 '>'
A|     1/2   -|c>>>--|-   4 inc. - 1 note & 3 '>'
B|     3/4   -|c>>>>>|-   6 inc. - 1 note & 5 '>'
B|  
E|     Ex. #4i: 4/4 TIME - 4 Measures with 16 inc's./meas.
R|                         (1/16 note shortest note)
.|  
C|        1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &  1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &  1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &  1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &
O|     R4|----------------|----------------|----------------|----------------|
M|  
-|     1/16  -|c---------------|-   1 inc. - 1 note & 0 '>'
R|     1/8   -|c>--------------|-   2 inc. - 1 note & 1 '>'
U|     3/16  -|c>>-------------|-   3 inc. - 1 note & 2 '>'
.|     1/4   -|c>>>------------|-   4 inc. - 1 note & 3 '>'
T|     3/8   -|c>>>>>----------|-   6 inc. - 1 note & 5 '>'
A|     1/2   -|c>>>>>>>--------|-   8 inc. - 1 note & 7 '>'
B|     3/4   -|c>>>>>>>>>>>----|-   12 inc. - 1 note & 11 '>'
N|     Whole -|c>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>|-   16 inc. - 1 note & 15 '>'
A|  
B|     Ex. #4j: 6/8 TIME - 2 Measures with 24 inc's./meas.
B|                         (1/32 note shortest note)
E|  
R|        1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 5 & 6 &  1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 5 & 6 &
.|     R4|------------------------|------------------------|
C|  
O|     1/32  -|c-----------------------|-   1 inc. - 1 note & 0 '>'
M|     1/16  -|c>----------------------|-   2 inc. - 1 note & 1 '>'
-|     3/32  -|c>>---------------------|-   3 inc. - 1 note & 2 '>'
R|     1/8   -|c>>>--------------------|-   4 inc. - 1 note & 3 '>'
U|     1/4   -|c>>>>>------------------|-   6 inc. - 1 note & 5 '>'
.|     1/2   -|c>>>>>>>----------------|-   12 inc. - 1 note & 11 '>'
T|     3/4   -|c>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>|-   24 inc. - 1 note & 23 '>'
A|  
B|  5. Each line is made up of measure separators which are 'pipeds' ('|') on your
N|     computer keyboard. The space consumed by the piped is ignored and is not
A|     part of the count. Blanks, or 'rests' are just 'dashes' ('-'). Tabs can be
B|     easily done in 'Notepad' (or any other word processor) as a simple text
B|     file, and then copied into the submission window on 'TabNabber'.
E|  
R|  6. For a standard 8-1/2"W x 11"H sheet of paper, it's best to keep your TAB
.|     WIDTHS to NO MORE than '80' characters across the page at any point.
C|     This allows the entire tab to be easily printed within 1/2" left & right
O|     margins using the standard 'Lucida Console' FONT common to all tabs on
M|     TabNabber at a height of '10'. Also, 1/2" top & bottom margins will
-|     allow '70' lines per page to be printed before a page break.
R|  
U|  The 3 biggest things to remember are to check the form, note accuracy, and
.|  timing of the tabs you write to maintain quality promoting easily read &
T|  understood tabs. Use the the MIDI player on 'TabNabber' to play your tabs
A|  back and verify you have the correct timing for each note, or notes.
B|  
N|  
A|  Happy Tabbing, Da Tickler.
B|  
B|  
E|      _/_/_/   _/_/    _/_/_/_/_/ _/_/   _/_/   _/  _/   _/     _/_/_/ _/_/_/
R|     _/   _/  _/ _/       _/      _/   _/   _/ _/ _/    _/     _/     _/   _/
.|    _/   _/  _/_/_/      _/      _/   _/      _/_/     _/     _/_/   _/_/_/
C|   _/   _/  _/   _/     _/      _/   _/   _/ _/  _/   _/     _/     _/  _/
O|  _/_/_/   _/    _/    _/     _/_/    _/_/  _/    _/ _/_/_/ _/_/_/ _/    _/
M|  
-|                      _____________________________________________
R|                     /_ _  ____       ALESIS QS6.1                /|
U|                    ///// ///// --- -- _______  /777777777777777 / |
.|                   ///// ///// --- -- /______/ /7777777777777/7 /  |
T|                  /   _____________________________________    /  /
A|                 /   / // /// // /// // /// // /// // /// /   /  /
B|                /___//////////////////////////////////////___/  /
N|         _______|   |111111111111111111111111111111111111|   | /_________
A|        /     _ |____________________________________________|/         /|
B|       /     // -          --   /________/(O)  ---  ---    ---   KORG  / |
B|      /     // -  o o o o --   ----------     - -  ----   ---   TR88  /  |
E|     /  -- ________________________________________________________  /   /
R|    / (^) // /// // /// // /// // /// // /// // /// // /// // /// / /   /
.|   /_____/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////_/   /
C|   |     |1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111| |  /
O|   |                                                               | /
M|   |_________________________DA TICKLER ROCKS!_____________________|/
-|                    ( )/\ \ \                 ( )/ / /
R|                       \ \ \ \                / / / /
U|                        \ \ \ \              / / / /
.|                        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

11 Votes
5 star: 82%  (9)
4 star:  (0)
3 star:  (0)
2 star:  (0)
1 star: 18%  (2)
0 star:  (0)
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Comments (2)
 

...
[Guest]
9 years ago
What idiot gave this a one star!!Outrage!!Madness!


Reply
notes35


Tabber
[Tabber]

9 years ago
did not read it all but this is nice u rock:)


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